For the Chinese, when it comes to the Chinese new year zodiac signs and elements, everyone knows it, but it is not necessarily clear. The twelve zodiac signs are folks commonly known as the twelve genus and Pig is a sign of this year 2020.
Health refers to a person’s birth year; Xiao, that is similar, similar. In other words, life is similar to an animal. The zodiac is a traditional culture that uses twelve animals to represent a person’s life.
The origin of the Chinese zodiac: Pig year 2020
- 1 The origin of the Chinese zodiac: Pig year 2020
- 2 chinese new year zodiac signs
- 3 Formation of the Zodiac Sequence
- 4 Legends about the arrangement of the zodiac signs
- 5 The relationship between the twelve zodiac signs and the Spring Festival
The zodiac culture is reflected in many aspects of daily life. So what is the origin of the Zodiac and its ordering? The “12” of the twelve zodiac signs is closely related to the ancient Chinese dynasties, astronomy and the concept of heaven and earth.
In ancient times, the division of time was progressively twelve, twelve years in a year, twelve months in a year, and twelve o’clock in a day.
Ancient China has always been dominated by heaven and earth. Ten days of dryness is also called ten mothers, and the corresponding twelve earth branches are not called twelve sons.
The ancient celestial person discovered that the moon’s profit and loss cycle can be used to measure the length of the old year, and the twelve-month full moon is one year old.
This discovery is one of the most accurate results of the initial calendar. The “twelve” is regarded as the meaning of conveying the will of God. The number of days.”
Tiangan needs land as a companion, the sun and the moon are opposite, the heavens and the earth are opposite, and the earthly branches are closely related to the zodiac, so it is none other than the “twelve”.
Since ancient times, the zodiac culture has continued to flourish in the Chinese culture, but when it comes to its origins, there are many different opinions. Some scholars believe that the Chinese zodiac culture originated from foreign countries.
In 1929, Guo Moruo’s “Shi Ganzhi” wrote that the zodiac originated from Babylon and was introduced to China during the period of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. However, through a large amount of Chinese literature, the Zodiac has indeed originated in China.
Regarding the records of the zodiac, the existing literature contains the Book of Songs as the earliest. In “The Book of Songs, Xiaoya·Ji Ri”, there are eight words: “Ji Ji Gengwu, that is, the difference between me and the horse”, which means that the Gengwuji is a good day, and it is a good day for horseback hunting.
This is an example of noon and a horse. It can be seen that before and after the Spring and Autumn Period, the correspondence between the Earth Branch and the twelve animals has begun to spread. The “Japanese Book” unearthed from the Qin Dynasty in Hubei Province, is also recorded in the zodiac. The record that is completely consistent with today’s popular zodiac statement is first seen in the Eastern Han Dynasty Wang Chong’s “On Balance and Materialism.”
In the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the zodiac has been widely used, and the Southern Dynasty “Nan Qi Shu· Wu Xing Zhi” already has a specific record of an animal according to the year of birth. Chen Shi, a poet of the Southern Dynasties, once wrote a 12-character poem, saying:
“The mouse is a dusty case, and the cattle and sheep are coming down. The tiger is feeding on the empty valley, and the rabbit is opening to the window. The dragonfly is green and the snake willow. Nearly 徘徊. Malan Fangyuan picks, sheep bear the beginning of spring planting. Monkey chestnut shy fruit, chicken anvil lead cup. Dogs outside their pockets, pigs are leisurely.” The foot can be seen from the Chinese zodiac originated in the land of China and has a long history.
chinese new year zodiac signs
The Chinese new year zodiac signs are animals. Apart from the dragons being illusory things, the other eleven kinds of animals are not difficult to see in people’s daily life. Twelve kinds of animals are chosen as a human genus.
This is related to the totem worship of people in ancient times. It doesn’t matter. Totem culture is one of the oldest and most peculiar cultures in human history. It is a particular cultural phenomenon that originated in primitive society. Totem is the sign or symbol of people who regard certain animals, plants or other objects as the clan and think that such objects have some kind of blood connection with themselves.
Animal totem is one of the most important forms. The primitive social productivity is low and the ability to recognize nature is extremely limited. People have a sense of dependence on animals that are closely related to their own lives (such as horses, sheep, cattle, chickens, dogs, etc.). Animals that endanger their own safety produce a sense of fear (such as tigers and snakes), which often leads to the worship of animals.
Twelve kinds of Chinese zodiac animals are the animal calendars used by people under the influence of the original beliefs of animal worship for the years and months.
For example, the tigers in the zodiac, the tiger totems still have remains or legends among the ethnic minorities such as the Tujia, Yi, Yi, and Oroqen.
When ancient people hunted, they often encountered fierce and wounding tigers. There is fear and awe, but the tiger is a treasure, and people feel that life is indispensable.
This kind of fear, awe, and dependence makes people feel that the tiger is sacred and inviolable, and often regards the tiger as the totem of the clan. Like a sheep, the sheep are docile, cowardly, and fertile.
The ancestors used the sheep as a totem not because of fear or awe, but because the sheep is one of the pillars for survival. Especially for the nomads in the north, sheep is an important guarantee for their daily lives. The descendants of the Yi people in the northern countries of China are taking the sheep as a totem.
In addition, the origin of the Chinese new year zodiac is closely related to the Tiangan branch. The ancients used the twelve earth branches to match the twelve zodiac, and the heavens could match the earthly branches. Tiangan is A, B, C, D, Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Yi, Yi, the branch is the child, ugly, 寅, 卯, Chen, 巳, 午, 未, 申, 酉, 戌, hai, Tiangan As a symbolic system, matching can be used for time, day, month, and year.
According to historical records and research, the zodiac is only after the establishment of the “dry branch method”. The twelve animals are one-to-one correspondence to the twelve earthly branches, and the animals are used as landmarks.
Therefore, every Chinese person has its own In life, it belongs to an animal. The zodiac signs have an inseparable relationship with the twelve earthly branches. The zodiac is a rendezvous to the twelve earthly branches. As for the twelve animals, the symbol of the twelve earthly branches is chosen, and it is related to the animal totem worship psychology of the ancients.
The twelve zodiac signs are related to the totem worship, but the animal totem worship of the ancient ancestors is far more than these twelve kinds.
Why did you choose these twelve animals?
Question why is did you choose these twelve animals? Due to the lack of information, it is difficult to give a clear answer, but we can make some speculation based on the descriptions of some scholars and social reality. The choice of twelve animals in the zodiac is not complicated, and it is closely related to people’s daily life and social life.
Zodiac animals can be roughly divided into three categories: one is the tamed “six animals”, namely cattle, horses, sheep, chickens, dogs, pigs, which are domesticated by humans for economic or other purposes, accounting for twelve.
Half of the animals. In the traditional Chinese concept, “six animals thrive” represents the family’s auspiciousness, wealth and beauty. Especially in the rural areas, during the Spring Festival, a Spring Festival couplet of “six animals” is generally written, which is attached to the place where livestock are housed.
Therefore, it is inevitable that these six animals will become zodiac. The second category is animals that are well known in wildlife and are closely related to people’s daily lives. They are rats, tigers, rabbits, snakes, and monkeys.
The third category is the traditional mascot of the Chinese people. The dragon is a symbol of the Chinese nation. It is a “artificial object” that integrates the characteristics of many animals. It is a “spirit” in people’s imagination. The dragon represents wealth and auspiciousness, and is the most symbolic auspicious animal, so the dragon’s position is less in the zodiac.
Formation of the Zodiac Sequence
There are several explanations for the formation of the zodiac sequence. According to folklore, the Yellow Emperor had to choose twelve animals to serve as court guards, cats and mice to sign up, and the mice forgot. As a result, the cats were not selected, and they ended up with the rats.
The elephant also came to the competition, and the mouse got into the nose and ran away. The rest of the animals, the original bull-headed, the mouse but on the back of the cow, vying for the first.
The tiger and the dragon were dissatisfied, and they were sealed as the king of the mountains and the king of the sea, behind the rats and cattle.
The rabbit was dissatisfied and raced with the dragon, and the result was in front of the dragon. The dog was not even, and he bit the rabbit in one breath, and he was fined the penultimate.
The pigs smashed and tried to win in chaos. The result was shackled at the end, and they slept all day long, and eventually they could not escape the fate of being slaughtered.
Snakes, horses, sheep, monkeys, and chickens also went through a series of battles, and the order of the rats, cows, tigers, rabbits, dragons, snakes, horses, sheep, monkeys, chickens, dogs, and pigs was formed. .
In other words, the order of the zodiac is determined according to the timing of the twelve animal activities.
At the latest, from the Han Dynasty, the twelve days of the day were recorded using twelve earthly branches, each hour being equivalent to the current two hours. From 11 o’clock in the evening to 1 o’clock in the morning, the mouse is the most active, so it is called “the mouse.” When it was ugly from 1 am to 3 am, the cow was rumoring that the forage was eaten yesterday, so it was called “ugly cow”.
From 3 o’clock to 5 o’clock, when the time was right, the tigers crouching around at night were wandering around for food, the most fierce, so they called “寅虎“. From 5 o’clock to 7 o’clock, when the sun is not rising, the sun has not yet risen, and the moon is still hanging in the sky. At this time, the jade rabbit is busy with medicine, so it is called “rex rabbit.”
When it is from 7:00 am to 9:00 am, this is the time when the legendary dragon and the dragon are raining, so it is called “Chenlong”. At 9:00 am to 11:00 am, the snake began to become active, so it was called “the python.”
From 11:00 am to 1 pm, the yang is full of noon, the yang is reaching extreme, and the yin is sprouting. This kind of animal is a horse that runs and vacates for the sun, and the ground is yin. The horse jumps between the yin and the yang, so it is called “the afternoon horse.”
From 1 pm to 3 pm, when the sheep graze at this time, they will grow stronger, so they are called “not sheep.” From 3 pm to 5 pm, it was the time of the application. At this time, the monkey was active and screamed, so it was called “the monkey.” From 5 o’clock to 7 o’clock, when the night falls, the chicken begins to return to the nest, so it is called “chicken
At 7:00 to 9:00 pm, the dog began to watch the night, so it was called “walking the dog.” From 9:00 to 11:00 in the evening, it was the time of the sea. At this time, everything was silent, and the pig was sleepy, so it was called “Hai pig.”
Another explanation is that according to the Chinese people’s belief in yin and yang, the twelve animals are divided into two categories: yin and yang. The yin and yang of the animal are determined according to the odd and even number of the animal’s toes, even if it is yin and odd is yang.
The number of fronts, back, left and right toes of an animal is generally the same, while the mouse is the forefoot four, the hind foot is five, the parity is the same body, the object is rare, of course, first, followed by the cow, the four toes (even); the tiger , five toes (odd); rabbit, four toes (even); dragon, five toes (odd); snake, no toe (same couple); horse, one toe (odd); sheep, four toes (even); Five toes (odd); chicken, four toes (even); dogs, five toes (odd); pigs, four toes (even).
Legends about the arrangement of the zodiac signs
There are various legends about the arrangement of the zodiac signs. The two groups of Chinese New Year zodiac signs reflect the expectations and requirements of our ancestors for the Chinese. Rat and cow: The mouse represents wisdom and the cow represents hard work.
The two must be closely combined. If only wisdom is not hardworking, it becomes a small cleverness. It is hard work and hard-working, and it becomes stupid.
Tigers and rabbits: Tigers represent bravery and rabbits represent caution. The combination of the two can make you daring.
Dragon and Snake: The dragon represents the Gang, the snake represents the soft. The combination of the two is about softness and flexibility.
Horse and sheep: The horse represents the past and the sheep represents the harmony. If a person only cares about going straight to the target, regardless of the surroundings, he will inevitably continually bump into the surroundings, and finally he will not be able to achieve the goal.
However, if a person is in harmony with the surrounding, then he has no direction and the goal is lost. Therefore, the nature of the past must be combined with the harmony.
Monkeys and chickens: the monkeys represent flexibility, the chickens scream regularly, Constant. Only a very harmonious combination between them can achieve better progress under the premise of stability.
Dogs and pigs: dogs represent loyalty, pigs represent easygoing; if a person is too loyal and does not know how to be easygoing, it will exclude others. In turn, a person is too easygoing and without loyalty, and this person loses the principle. What we are pursuing is “the gentleman is different and different.”
The relationship between the twelve zodiac signs and the Spring Festival
”One night is even two years old, five is divided into two years.” The Spring Festival is the day of the Chinese Lunar New Year. After thousands of years of inheritance and development, the Spring Festival has become the most engaged and grandest festival of the Chinese nation. The significance of the beginning of the “Spring Festival” and the reunion of relatives and friends and the significance of emotional exchanges have become particularly prominent and have become an important landmark festival in China.
The cultural significance of the Spring Festival is often reflected in certain festival activities, and the holiday symbol is an important part of it. There are many festival symbols in the Spring Festival.
It can be said that it is a collection of symbols, such as Spring Festival couplets, blessings and New Year pictures, firecrackers, and reunion dinners.
There are also ritual symbols such as respecting ancestors, welcoming the gods, worshiping the gods, greeting the New Year, etc. . In the symbols of the Spring Festival, there is an important part, that is, the zodiac. During the Spring Festival, many customs and activities contain different degrees of the zodiac. Try one or two examples.
Since 1983, every year on New Year’s Eve, CCTV has to hold a Spring Festival Gala to become the annual event of New Year’s Eve. The editors will always arrange some questions, the tiger year, the tiger, the dragon year, the dragon, the new year’s genus is on the stage of the Spring Festival Evening, showing that the new year is coming.
Welcome the new year, paste the window grille, choose a picture of the same year; hang the lantern, reflect the words “Auspicious Year of the Horse” and so on, so the festival adds a lot of fun; every year, the calendar is above the Tiger Valley, the value of the Year of the Horse, Xu Beihong The work has done a wall calendar picture.
Spring Festival couplets are closely related to the zodiac. The Spring Festival couplets were first titled on the peach board. The five generations of the post-Meng Meng on the New Year’s Eve Day self-titled Tao Fu board in the bedroom: “New Year Na Yuqing, Jiafu No. Changchun.” It is considered to be the beginning of the Spring Festival couplets.
It is said that during the period of Zhu Yuanzhang of Ming Taizu, due to the promotion of Zhu Yuanzhang, the Spring Festival was written on the red paper and widely spread among the people, and the name of the “Spring Festival” was also “King” by Zhu Yuanzhang.
According to the “Jin Yun Lou Miscellaneous Theory”, Zhu Yuanzhang built the capital in Nanjing to show the weather in the world. On the New Year’s Eve, every household has posted a copy of the Spring Festival couplets on the door, and went to the clinic to check and go to the home of the pigs. Therefore, the royal pen gives a joint:
“The hands are open to the road of life and death, and the knife is cut off.” Of course, this is only a legend, but the Spring Festival is popular in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. What’s more interesting is that this Spring Festival couplet is also related to the zodiac.
The writing of the Zodiac Union generally uses the inline method. The clamp method is to embed the relevant names of people, places, and things according to the needs of the content, so that the meaning is intentional and the depth of thought is increased.
Entering the Spring Festival couplets in the Chinese zodiac, it is generally related to the age of the next year and the coming year, and it is characterized by auspiciousness.
For example, in the Year of the Dragon, there is a “Spring Festival songs, dragons and dragons, and powerful national maps”, “The dragon volley lions screamed at the old bamboo,” Ziyan spreads the green willow and silk flowers to welcome the new spring. In the Year of the Snake, there is a “silver snake dance Jiangcheng Meiqian competition, old age, yellow crane, Chu, and everything to welcome the new spring” and so on. The zodiac is used in the Spring Festival, which is fun and interesting, adding a touch of color to the Spring Festival.
The Chinese New Year of the Zodiac, which symbolizes auspiciousness, represents the Chinese people’s hopes and hopes for the new year. There is a new zodiac in the new Lunar New Year. In this year, there will always be many topics around the Chinese Zodiac.
The Year of the Ox said hard work, the Year of the Tiger is angry, and the Year of the Dragon will take off. The Year of the Horse is about to arrive, and now there are many words that are immediately available, such as “getting money right away” and “having a room right away.” There are twelve kinds of zodiac, one each year, and everyone is equal before the zodiac.
Twelve years in a round, every twelve years, the year of the genus comes once, this is the birth year. In combination with the ancient Chinese dynasty, the six-year reincarnation of the dynasty, such as a life in 1953, and the next leap year is its sixth natal year in 2013, sixty years of reincarnation, that is, we often A person who said that a person can only meet once in a lifetime.
This may be one of the reasons why the Chinese people pay special attention to the 60th birthday. The poem says that “the flower is worth again.” The folks think that the birth year is easy to be a disaster, so there are a variety of methods to drive the disaster. The vast northern regions have the custom of red belts in their own life to eliminate disasters.
The picture above is from top to bottom: child rat ugly ox, tiger, rabbit, rabbit, dragon, python, horse, horse, sheep, monkey, dog, dog, pig, pig.
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